The purposeful application of information in the design, production, and utilization of goods and services, and in the organization of human activities. Technology is generally divided into five categories:
- Tangible : blueprints, models, operating manuals, prototypes.
- Intangible : consultancy, problem-solving , and training methods.
- High : entirely or almost entirely automated and intelligent technology that manipulates ever finer matter and ever powerful forces.
- Intermediate: semi-automated partially intelligent technology that manipulates refined matter and medium level forces.
- Low : labor-intensive technology that manipulates only coarse or gross matter and weaker forces.
OR (from dictionary.com)
- (n.) (a) The application of science, especially to industrial or commercial objectives; (b) The scientific method and material used to achieve a commercial or industrial objective.
- Electronic or digital products and systems considered as a group.
- Anthropology. The body of knowledge available to a society that is of use in fashioning implements, practicing manual arts and skills, and extracting or collecting materials.
The origin of Technology
In the earlier days, the use of tools by our ancestors was for the process of curiosity, discovery and evolution. The purpose of tools remained the same for a long time in the earlier part of the history of mankind but it was also the complex human behaviors and tools of this era that modern language began as believed by many archaeologists Technology refers the knowledge and utilization of tools, techniques and systems in order to serve a bigger purpose like solving problems or making life easier and better. Its significance on humans is tremendous because technology helps them adapt to the environment.
The recent development of high technology including computer, Internet and the telecommunication has helped us conquer cross-cultural and cross-border barriers and bridge the gap between people all over the world. While there are evident advantages to constant evolution of technology, their evolution has also seen the increase of its destructive power as apparent in the creation of weapons of all kinds. In a bigger picture, technology, has affected us in the development of advanced economies, making our daily life more convenient. But while it continues to offer us a better means to live our lives, it also has unwanted results such as pollution, depletion of natural resources to the great disadvantage of the planet. Its influence on us can also be seen in how we use technology and its ethical significance in our lives.
Impact of Technology
One of the areas where recent technology is most important is in the realm of communication. Long ago, communicating with people beyond your reach was a difficult process, requiring communication by physical letter and a lot of patience. The Internet has made long distances almost transparent, allowing users to correspond with people on the other side of the planet in an instant. Technology has also increased our connectivity, with cell phones and other devices providing an always-on link to the global communication network.
Another area where computers and the Internet have become extremely important is in education. Computers now-a-day can store large amounts of information in a very small space, reducing entire shelves of reference books down to a single USB drive or DVD of data. The Internet also serves as a massive resource for learning, linking informational sites together and allowing the curious to search for almost any topic imaginable. A single computer could store hundreds of educational games, audio and visual lessons as well as provide access to a wealth of knowledge for students. In the classroom, virtual whiteboards can replace blackboards, allowing teachers to provide interactive content for students and play educational films without the need to set up a projector.
Technology has also had significant effects on the health care industry. Advancements in diagnostic tools allow doctors to identify diseases and conditions early, increasing the chances of a successful treatment and saving lives. Advancements in medicines and vaccines have also proven extremely effective, nearly eradicating diseases like measles, diphtheria and smallpox that once caused massive epidemics. Modern medicine also allows patients to manage chronic conditions that were once debilitating and life-threatening, such as diabetes and hypertension. Technological advancements in medicine have also helped extend lifespans and improve quality of life for people worldwide.
Technology has also vastly increased productivity. The ability of computers to solve complex mathematical equations allows them to speed up any task requiring measurement or other calculations. Computer modeling of physical effects can save time and money in any manufacturing situation, giving engineers the ability to simulate structures, vehicles or materials to provide primary data on performance before prototyping. Even in the office environment, the ability of networked computers to share and manipulate data can speed a wide variety of tasks, allowing employees to work together efficiently for maximum productivity.